Singeing is a finishing method for smoothing surfaces of fabrics by burning and removing fuzz thereon, and visualizing fabric textures. A gas-singeing machine is normally employed.
The gas-singeing machine is typically equipped with four burners, and is capable of singeing one or both surfaces of the fabrics. A water-cooled roller is provided at a location opposite to the burners, thereby enabling singeing to be performed without undermining the strength of even thin fabrics. It is important to set a drain temperature of the water-cooled roller in a range of 50 to 550C. Cautions are required because a dew-point is generated when the water-cooled roller is cooled down too much, and results in increased amount of remaining fuzz or adhered carbon. The fabric feed speed is preferably set at around 100 to 150m/minute.
Swastika Gas Singeing MachineTextile Wet Processes: Preparation of Fibers and Fabrics