Saturday, December 26, 2009

Bleaching Of Silk

Bleaching Of Silk
Natural coloring matters present in silk are associated mainly with sericin and hence are eliminated during degumming. The natural colouring matter of silk can be roughly divided into yellow, green and brown pigments. However the residual pigments are adsorbed by fibroin and hence silk fabrics made from yellow raw silk after degumming are not white but have a cream colour.

Silk Bleaching

The bleaching process may be based on reducing agents or oxidizing agents.

Reductive Bleaching

Predominant reducing agents used are Sulphur dioxide, sodium hydrosulphite and sodium or zinc sulphoxylate formaldehyde.
The material bleached with reducing agents tends to reoxidise and the original color may be restored. Hence oxidizing bleaching is most preferred.

Oxidative Bleaching

The oxidative agents used are

  • potassium permanganate,
  • sodium perborate,
  • sodium peroxide
  • Hydrogen peroxide.
The hydrogen peroxide is the most preferred bleaching agent. A typical process/recipe would be
2 to 4 hours at 70°C
or 1 to 2 hours at 80 to 85°C,
With 10 to 15 ml/l hydrogen peroxide (35% solution),
and 1 g/l EDTA (30% solution)
and 3 g/l sodium pyrophosphate to pH 9,
followed by thorough rinsing.

The Chlorine based bleaching agents such as  bleaching powder, sodium hypochlorite and sodium chlorite ,are generally not used since these agents tend to chlorinate the fibroin.


  1. You are perfect in the knowledge.

    Am Sunny in same line 2 generation in wool and carpet processing.

    would like to met you, or hub,or email.
    Sunny Harjani.

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