Thursday, December 3, 2009

Rugs and Carpets

A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of "pile" attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a manmade fibre such as polypropylene, and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their structure.Carpet can be made from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibers. Fibers are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost.
There are different types of carpets avaialable, few of them are
Woven carpet is produced on a loom that is very similar to woven cloth, being cut pile.
They are produced by electrostatic attraction of individual fibers that form a unique carpet with extremely high durability.
With knotted pile carpets, the structural weft threads will alternate with a supplementary weft that will rise from the surface of the weave at a perpendicular angle.
This type of carpet is produced on a tufting machine by using either a single colored or sometimes a non colored yarn.
5.Loop pile carpets
Loop pile carpets are a design of carpets that are created using a series of uncut loops.
6.Cutpile carpets
Cut pile carpet is a form of carpet file that involves a strategic cut of the loops that are created during the weaving of a carpet.
7.Cutloop pile carpets
The cut and loop pile combines both looped and cut fibers. They provide a variety of surface textures for medium durability.
8.Knotted pile weave carpets
With knotted pile carpets, the structural weft threads will alternate with a supplementary weft that will rise from the surface of the weave at a perpendicular angle.
9.Embroidered Carpets
Unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets are not made on a loom. Their pattern is established by the application of stitches to a cloth (often linen) base.
The flatweave carpet is created by interlocking warp and weft threads.
11.Saxony and Textured Saxony
Saxony consists of tightly twisted cut piles that are heat set straight. They consist of two or more fibers that have been twisted together in a yarn, and they provide a very soft texture for informal as well as formal areas. Textured saxony carpets are tightly twisted and texture headset for medium durability.
Both plush and velvet are lightly twisted and offer a uniform color. They are very soft and offer more level than textures.
Frieze is a highly twisted cut pile type of carpet that is suited for high traffic areas. It has short fibers that will tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks.
14.Level Loop pile
The level loop pile is constructed by weaving even loops of yarn into carpet backing at both ends. This type of carpet is durable as well as track resistant, due to the strong loops.
Importants sites and articles related to carpets and carpets making process are
The process of Making Carpet
Manufacturing Carpet
Carpet dyeing
Carpet Fiber Identification
Carpet Fiber Characteristics
Carpet Fiber Chemistry
.Carpet Fiber OverviewSecondary Backing System Stain Resist NylonAcid Dye And Acid Dye Blocker In Carpet
.All About Carpets
unlike wall-to-wall carpets that area permanently attached, rugs don't only serve as a kind of flooring but it can also be a decorative additions to dull walls inside a home.
Braiding, Crocheting, and Hooking are just some techniques in the art of rug-making. There are more others like needle-punching, prodded and weaving that area used in the process.

Rug Braiding Instructions
Rag Rug Basics
Crochet Lessons
How to Make Hooked Rugs
How to Make a Prodded Rug


  1. This is a great blog. It is an informative post on rugs. I need some shaggy rugs for new room. It's very soft stuff. I think it could be comfortable for babies.

  2. Thanks to share such article. I know lot from this site.


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