Friday, January 22, 2010

Eco friendly textiles and eco labels

Eco friendly Textiles
Textile which are produced, processed and disposed of ,with the technology and process which have less harmful effect on ecology and environment and are less harmful effects when used , can  be classified as eco friendly textiles. There are many certifying agencies which tests and audit the products and processes for eco friendly nature of the textiles and such textiles are marked with appropriate labels called "eco labels".

World wide eco labels For Eco friendly textiles
Oeko Tex standard 100
The Oeko-Tex® Standard 100 is a globally uniform testing and certification system for textile raw materials, intermediate and end products at all stages of production.

The tests for harmful substances comprise substances which are prohibited or regulated by law, chemicals which are known to be harmful to health, and parameters which are included as a precautionary measure to safeguard health.
A tested textile product is allocated to one of the four Oeko-Tex® product classes based on its intended use. The more intensively a product comes into contact with the skin, the stricter the human ecological requirements it must fulfil.
Manufacturers are entitled to mark successfully tested products or article groups with the Oeko-Tex® label and to advertise in other forms as long as it has been proven within the extensive laboratory tests that all components, including accessories, comply with the specified test criteria without exception. A certificate which is issued applies for one year and can be renewed as often as required.

Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000

To complement the product-related Oeko-Tex® Standard 100, the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 is a testing, auditing and certification system for environmentally-friendly production sites throughout the textile processing chain.
To qualify for certification according to the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000, companies must meet stipulated criteria in terms of their environmentally-friendly manufacturing processes and provide evidence that at least 30% of total production is already certified under Oeko-Tex® Standard 100.

 The required criteria include:

  1. use of environmentally-damaging auxiliaries and dyestuffs prohibited

  2. compliance with standard values for waste water and exhaust air treatment

  3. optimisation of energy consumption

  4. avoidance of noise and dust pollution

  5. defined measures to ensure safety at the workplace

  6. use of child labour prohibited

  7. introduction of basic elements of an environmental management system

The company is monitored by an independent auditor from one of the member institutes of the "Oeko-Tex® International - Association for the Assessment of Environmentally Friendly Textiles". The certificate is valid for three years.
The additional cost of certifying and production process according to Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 offers textile and clothing companies the following advantages:

  • effective public relations documentation of the objectively stipulated ecological measures in place at a production site

  • increased production efficiency and thus reduced costs

  • waste minimisation

  • increased acceptance of a company's products on the market

More information on the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 and 100plus can be found at

Oeko-Tex® 100plus

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 100plus product label provides textile and clothing manufacturers with the opportunity to highlight the human-ecological optimisation of their products as well as their efforts in production ecology to consumers.
Companies can receive this award if their manufactured products have been successfully certified according to Oeko-Tex® Standard 100 and they are also able to provide evidence that the entire production chain - in other words, all production sites involved in manufacturing a product - seamlessly comply with the requirements of the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000.
More information on the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 and 100plus can be found at

The aim of REACH is to improve the protection of human health and the environment through the better and earlier identification of the intrinsic properties of chemical substances. At the same time, innovative capability and competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry should be enhanced. The benefits of the REACH system will come gradually, as more and more substances are phased into REACH.

The label is for textiles, especially textiles made from cotton. The products have to meet certain criteria throughout their entire life cycle, including environmental performance, the abolition of child labour and a reduction of negative effects on human health.
The independent industry textile standard

The bluesign® standard
In response to colossally increasing demand for textile products that are environmentally friendly, pose no health hazards, and conserve resources to the greatest possible extent, the independent bluesign® standard has been established. The demand is originating as a result of strict legislation, and meeting it will be crucial for future success. The bluesign® standard is the most efficient way to guarantee compliance with the new requirements, without compromising functionality, quality or design.For complete infromation click here
Read Article :-Creative approaches to sustainability
EcoLogo provides customers – public, corporate and consumer – with assurance that the products and services bearing the logo meet stringent standards of environmental leadership.
The EcoLogo Program is a Type I eco-label, as defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). This means that the Program compares products/services with others in the same category, develops rigorous and scientifically relevant criteria that reflect the entire lifecycle of the product, and awards the EcoLogo to those that are verified by an independent third party as complying with the criteria.

The EcoLogo Program is one of two such programs in North America that has been successfully audited by the Global EcoLabelling Network (GEN) as meeting ISO 14024 standards for eco-labelling.

To increase consumer awareness, the Government of India launched the eco-labelling scheme known as `Ecomark' in 1991 for easy identification of environment-friendly products. Any product which is made, used or disposed of in a way that significantly reduces the harm it would otherwise cause the environment could be considered as Environment-Friendly Product.

Read more about eco friendly textiles
More options in green processing
Eco friendly production of textiles
Eco friendly dyestuffs and processes
Eco Textiles – Ecologically & Environmentally Friendly Textiles Reference
Organic cotton :-A route to eco friendly textiles
About Eco-friendly / Environmentally-friendly Fashion (Clothing and Textiles)
Environmental Friendly Textiles- a road to sustainability
Ecotextile News
Ecotextiles: The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles (Woodhead Publishing in Textiles)
The International Market for Organic Cotton and Eco-textiles (Pesticides, Poverty & Livelihoods)
Bringing home the green: Mississippians join eco-friendly home furnishings movement.(Focus: Going Green): An article from: Mississippi Business Journal
Back to nature: environmentally friendly line of san pro products puts a new twist on being kind to mother earth.(environmentally friendly feminine hygiene ... An article from: Nonwovens Industry
Creartive approaches to sustainbility

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