Saturday, January 23, 2010

Quality Managemant Systems in Textile Industry

Traditionally the textile industry has been driven primarily by fashion and creativity rather than by a focus on quality assurance. However, new aproaches such as quality management (QM), accreditation, certification, and conformity are now required.However utility of these tools is often questioned in textile and apparel industry. low productivity, fire fighting, customer complaints, attrition, are issues with textile business. Such approaches have long been standard practice in the automobile industry, and it is recommended that the textile industry take the QM systems of the automobile industry as an example when developing its own systems.
Suuply Chain  and quality Management
Supply Chain Management is the integration of key business processes from end user to original suppliers that provides products, services, and information that add value for customers and other stakeholders. The entire textile supply chain consists of every organization starting from initial fiber supplier to consumer purchasing Apparel products for final consumption. Each organization comprises various functional domains, as manufacturing, planning, marketing etc. Effective supply chain Manages flow of demand and supply, which are moving in the opposite direction to each other, in an efficient way at every node of supply chain.
In the textile and clothing industry quality control is practiced right from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the stage of final finished garment. For textile and apparel industry product quality is calculated in terms of quality and standard of fibres, yarns, fabric construction, color fastness, surface designs and the final finished garment products. However quality expectations for export are related to the type of customer segments and the retail outlets.
Cmpliance issues
Compliance is either a state of being in accordance with established guidelines, specifications, or legislation or the process of becoming so. We are living in an age where buyers are not only interested in products itself, but they also want to have full information on details in the process. The new world of international trade is very conscious of ensuring the well being of the stake holders associated with business. This includes buyers, suppliers, employees, and the community, as a whole. Now-a-days the importers of textile products in the developed countries demand that the goods they buy should have been manufactured in textile mills which fulfilled social obligations as envisaged in the relevant ILO conventions. Social compliance is therefore mandatory for the industry in general and textile industry in particular.
The main quality management systems for textile industry are
1.ISO
3.ISO-14000
The ISO 14000 series, currently being developed by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), is a collection of voluntary standards that assists organisations to achieve environmental and financial gains through the implementation of effective environmental management. The standards provide both a model for streamlining environmental management, and guidelines to ensure environmental issues are considered within decision making practices.

ISO 14001 is the standard for Environment Management Systems. Many large businesses, particularly overseas, have obtained certification under the standard.
•Benefits of International Certification

The benefits of having ISO 14001 certification are mainly realised by large organisations, as SMEs have a smaller turnover and thus a correspondingly small return on the costs of certification.
Although a fully certified ISO EMS may not be suitable for smaller organisations, it does provide guidelines that assist organisations to consider all the relevant issues, and thus gain the most benefit from their EMS, even without certification. SMEs can therefore use ISO 14001 as a model for designing their own EMS.
However, larger organisations may find certification more valuable when considering the potential trade and market advantages of an internationally recognised and certified EMS. This was a significant factor for companies seeking certification under the ISO 9000 quality assurance standards, and is likely to be a factor in decisions regarding ISO 14001 certification.

4.5's
6.TPM
TQM stands for "Total Quality Management" and infers that a Total Quality Strategy will improve business by proactively improving customer service and job quality.
8.QFD
QFD is:

Understanding Customer Requirements
Quality Systems Thinking + Psychology + Knowledge/Epistemology
Maximizing Positive Quality That Adds Value
Comprehensive Quality System for Customer Satisfaction
Strategy to Stay Ahead of The Game
9.EMS
EMS guidelines for textiles industry
10.SPC
Statistical process control (SPC) involves using statistical techniques to measure and analyze the variation in processes.
11.KAIZEN

A quality circle is a participatory management technique that enlists the help of employees in solving problems related to their own jobs.

Quality Circles - benefits, cost, Requirements for successful quality circles http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/small/Op-Qu/Quality-Circles.html#ixzz0dQ4N7XAr
TQM : towards zero defects

1 comment:

  1. Textile industry is of prime concern when we discuss about economic growth as a whole.

    This industry is the real gainer for textile fabrics and cotton yarn buyers who ultimately benifitted for themselves as well as for industry also.

    This post is quite informative providing a clearer insights about quality parameters and quality assurance, Statistical process control. Thanks for sharing such a great post.

    ReplyDelete

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